Leviticus says you can murder an animal.

A couple of months ago I was reading through Leviticus. Yes, Leviticus.

I had just watched Food, Inc., a documentary strongly recommended by a friend.

If the documentary is a trustworthy source, there’s something wrong with the way much of our food is produced, particularly with our animal products. And I think that the case for it being wrong can be made most strongly by those who hold the Tanach/Old Testament in esteem as authoritative documents from which to draw morals and ethics.

Morals and ethics regarding animals from the Old Testament. This may seem strange for a collection of books which instates the cult of animal sacrifice. Not to get into a full-blown discussion of animal ethics and sacrifice here, I just want to point out quickly that animals are sacrificed not because they are insignificant or lack dignity but, on the contrary, because they are quite significant and are counted as being of great worth. Scripture repeatedly affirms the goodness of the created order.

As a farmer in Food, Inc. says, the methods for mass production of chickens, pigs, and cows do not respect the chickenness of a chicken, the pigness of a pig, and the cowness of a cow. I won’t give all the details which the documentary provides, but in many cases in industry production an animal is not respected as an animal (albeit an animal about to be slaughtered in any case) but treated as a mass of material to be manipulated in any way possible to increase efficiency for the sake of maximum profits by corporations.

I read in Leviticus 17:3-4 in Robert Alter’s translation in The Five Books of Moses: “Every man of the house of Israel who slaughters a bull or a sheep or a goat in the camp or who slaughters outside the camp, and does not bring it to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting to bring it forward as an offering to the LORD before the LORD’s Tabernacle, it shall be counted as blood for that man–he has spilled blood–and that man shall be cut off from the midst of his people.”

Alter’s note: “The person who slaughters an animal without having the priest cast some of its blood on the legitimate alter of YHWH is considered to have committed murder … a ritual recognition that the taking of life, even for consumption as food, is a grave act that must be balanced by an act of expiation” (617).

If we are to consider why animals were sacrificed to God, we must take into account that they were sacrificed not in spite of their worth but because of their worth. They were killed for the purpose of shedding their blood, and yet the very Law that required their death maintained just as firm a stance on the dignity of the bull, the dove, the lamb. The goodness and value of animals is rooted, after all, in the God whose ultimate desire is “steadfast love/faithfulness, and not sacrifice” (Hosea 6:6). To kill an animal while disconnected from the righteous purposes and power of God is to murder that animal.

In our consumption of animals, shouldn’t we keep in mind and heart the same respect for God’s creatures?

The violence of Jesus’s death doesn’t save us.

I recently heard a pastor announce a showing of The Passion of the Christ at his church by going into detail about the gruesome details of Jesus’s death and commending the movie for its realistic portrayal of it all.

The reason why they were showing the movie at the church was so that people could see what Christ went through. The flogging which tore apart his skin. The nails in his body. The horrible, horrible physical suffering.

This is important to consider because, as the pastor put it, everything that Jesus went through was what God wanted to do to us.

In other words, God wanted to beat us to a bloody pulp for our sin, but Jesus stepped in and took the beating for us.

Without saying it, this pastor taught that what Jesus saved us from was not really our sin, but God.

And this God wasn’t satisfied with mere death, but a tortuous execution with plenty of blood.


Here’s the thing. I could probably act like a hyper-critical snobby seminary boy and critique every sermon I hear and every Bible lesson I encounter. I don’t want this blog to be like that.

But. There are some things that Christians teach that must be corrected, and I count this as one of the important ones.

Jesus’s death was not salvific because it was gruesome. It didn’t satisfy God because it involved lacerated flesh and punctured limbs.

It was salvific because on this Man was put the sin of the world as he descended into death. In this way was it an outpouring of the wrath of God. It was not the wrath of God that led to all the blood.

Now, a fair critique of The Passion of the Christ is that it focuses on the details of the torture and death of Jesus far more than the Gospels do. But, that doesn’t mean I don’t think that it can’t be a good way to teach what happened on the first Good Friday. On the contrary, if you know my story, you know that it is very important to me.

The thing is, as ignorant as I was on my first viewing of the movie which changed my life so much, somehow I understood that the details of his death weren’t illustrative of what God wanted to do to me, and that they weren’t salvific in themselves.

Rather, somehow I understood that the flogging and the beating and the spitting and the mocking afflicted on Jesus by the Roman soldiers was illustrative of how messed up human beings are, and this was the way the movie hit me the hardest and led me to realize I needed a Rescuer.

I didn’t then and I still don’t get the impression that I am saved in Christ because he experienced great torture as he died. I think this is a distortion of the truth. As Good Friday approaches, I would rather people meditate on the reality that Christ’s death is salvific primarily because it was God taking upon himself only what he could take on, and that which we could not take on.

Notice: We could take flogging, beating, and being crucified. So, say God inflicted all this violence upon us which was supposedly reserved for us anyway–that still wouldn’t save us nor would it, I think, satisfy the justice of God. People experience violent deaths all the time and we have no reason to believe that God considers it justice. It wasn’t the violence. It wasn’t the amount of blood. It was the sacrificial death through which the wrongness of the world was being dealt with–endured by the only one whose death could accomplish so much.

A likely challenge to my reasoning would come from the knowledgable Bible reader who brings up passages like Isaiah 53. If you take this to refer to Jesus’s death in some way (I do, but only secondarily), then it says that Jesus “took up our pain and bore our suffering,” that we thought he was at fault with God, “but he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.” It even says that “it was the will of Yahweh to crush him and cause him to suffer.”

I still don’t think, however, that this means that the violence effected salvation. There is definitely something to be said for Jesus going through suffering and death (and out to the other end (!)), thereby really dealing with it and redeeming it, and that it was God’s will to allow this to happen. But this is far from asserting that the mutilation of his flesh was what God needed us to go through but Jesus went through it instead. Indeed, the only thing that explicitly comes directly from God in this passage is v. 6: “and Yahweh has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” His life “is an offering for sin.”

And, it hints at what I inferred the first time I truly encountered this story, that the suffering he experiences has its actual origin in the twistedness of mankind, v. 3: “He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain.”

Have a meaningful, worshipful, grateful Good Friday. “For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.”